Many newbies in the art of photography feel that the term “composition” is only applicable to this discipline, which is not true at all. Composition has been studied and applied by several other disciplines as well. Take for example, composition in literature, dance, painting, music, and virtually any other kind of art.
First and foremost, “composition” describes placement of relative objects and elements in a work of art. Consequently, composition is a key aspect of a good work of art. There is hardly a way to overemphasize the importance of composition. Any aspiring artist ought to give composition of his work a lot of attention. A good composition is one that has just enough detail. Too few elements is bad because it robs the work of art of necessary detail that makes correct interpretation possible. It also ruins the balance of an image. And too many elements can be very distracting as well. Good composition requires good balance. It is best to make sure all the elements present are necessary for the idea or story you are trying to pass on.
At the end of the day, the goal of a good composition is to help express the idea of the photographer by necessary means. The principal elements of composition in photography are:
- Rule of Thirds
- Point of View
- Leading Lines
- Repetition (Visual structures in order)
- Entry and Exit
- Visual Consistency
Of these general guidelines in composition I opted to experiment with “Repetition” using 36 Crayola color pencils. As they say “Practice makes perfection”.
“Composition is a way of guiding the viewer’s eye towards the most important elements of your work, sometimes – in a very specific order. A good composition can help make a masterpiece even out of the dullest objects and subjects in the plainest of environments. On the other hand, a bad composition can ruin a photograph completely, despite how interesting the subject may be. A poorly judged composition is also not something you can usually fix in post-processing, unlike simple and common exposure or white balance errors.”
Composition is all about clearing up communication of your vision to the viewer. It helps to create visual awareness. Take a look at the following images using the composition guideline of “repetition“.